located in the center of the Iberian Peninsula, Madrid
is a commercial and business center of Spain. Being
the largest city in the country, Spain offers everything
from culinary delights to tourist spots. Madrid is characterized
by rich cultural heritage and vivacious life style.
This largest city of Spain, known as Magerit, has formed
in the 9th century, when Arab Emir Mohamed I (852-886)
of Córdoba ordered the building of a palace on
the bank of the River Manzanares, which was captured
later by Alfonso VI. Adjacent to this fortress, a small
citadel was constructed known as al-Mudaina. Till the
end of the 15th century, Moors were ruling the city
until they were overthrown.
Madrid had become the trading and financial hub by
the end of the 15th century. In 1561, Felip II built
the first ever residence of the royal court in the city.
Till the 17th century came to an end, an immense wall
was constructed for the defense purpose to safeguard
the region following the roads of Segovia, Toledo and
Valencia. Under the rule of Carlos III, a new dimension
to the architecture was added in the 18th century with
the construction of city's great arteries like Paseo
de Recoletos, Paseo del Prado, el Paseo de la Castellana
and Paseo de las Acacias.
Felipe V became the ruler of Madrid in the year 1700.
The city was left in the state of ignorance and underdevelopment
since the reign of Felipe V. No significant development
activity took place in this era.
When Carlos III took over the royal seat in 1759, he
took the responsibility to reshape the city. Because
of his works, he was considered as the best mayor that
Madrid had ever had. He completed the construction of
The 19th century saw varied changes in the reformation
of Madrid. This era began with the entry of French.
Joseph Bonaparte undertook the responsibility of reformation.
When Queen Isabel II was crowned as a ruler, the Isabel
II Canal and the railways came into the map.
Madrid celebrated the Republicans victory in the elections
in 1931 after Primo de Rivera left the power. Civil
War started on July 18, 1936 changed the face of the
country. In the 60s, Madrid was reformed on the guidelines
laid down in the General Plan for the Organization of
Madrid. Many mansions were destroyed to construct state
of art buildings.
By 80s, this largest city of the country became one
of the strongest pillars of the country. It expanded
as an economic and trading hub of Spain. It eventually
gained prosperity in every department- cultural, educational,
technological and economical.
If you want to find out more about the history of Madrid or any other place in this beautiful country, then you can choose one of the many all inclusive holidays in Spain on the market. You will certainly enjoy a time well-spent.
Don't forget that the history of Madrid is closely related to the history of other Spanish cities. We will soon publish webguides for other cities in Spain.