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History of Madrid

History of MadridJust located in the center of the Iberian Peninsula, Madrid is a commercial and business center of Spain. Being the largest city in the country, Spain offers everything from culinary delights to tourist spots. Madrid is characterized by rich cultural heritage and vivacious life style.

This largest city of Spain, known as Magerit, has formed in the 9th century, when Arab Emir Mohamed I (852-886) of Córdoba ordered the building of a palace on the bank of the River Manzanares, which was captured later by Alfonso VI. Adjacent to this fortress, a small citadel was constructed known as al-Mudaina. Till the end of the 15th century, Moors were ruling the city until they were overthrown.

Madrid had become the trading and financial hub by the end of the 15th century. In 1561, Felip II built the first ever residence of the royal court in the city.

Till the 17th century came to an end, an immense wall was constructed for the defense purpose to safeguard the region following the roads of Segovia, Toledo and Valencia. Under the rule of Carlos III, a new dimension to the architecture was added in the 18th century with the construction of city's great arteries like Paseo de Recoletos, Paseo del Prado, el Paseo de la Castellana and Paseo de las Acacias.

Felipe V became the ruler of Madrid in the year 1700. The city was left in the state of ignorance and underdevelopment since the reign of Felipe V. No significant development activity took place in this era.

When Carlos III took over the royal seat in 1759, he took the responsibility to reshape the city. Because of his works, he was considered as the best mayor that Madrid had ever had. He completed the construction of La Granja.

The 19th century saw varied changes in the reformation of Madrid. This era began with the entry of French. Joseph Bonaparte undertook the responsibility of reformation. When Queen Isabel II was crowned as a ruler, the Isabel II Canal and the railways came into the map.

Madrid celebrated the Republicans victory in the elections in 1931 after Primo de Rivera left the power. Civil War started on July 18, 1936 changed the face of the country. In the 60s, Madrid was reformed on the guidelines laid down in the General Plan for the Organization of Madrid. Many mansions were destroyed to construct state of art buildings.
By 80s, this largest city of the country became one of the strongest pillars of the country. It expanded as an economic and trading hub of Spain. It eventually gained prosperity in every department- cultural, educational, technological and economical.

If you want to find out more about the history of Madrid or any other place in this beautiful country, then you can choose one of the many all inclusive holidays in Spain on the market. You will certainly enjoy a time well-spent.

Don't forget that the history of Madrid is closely related to the history of other Spanish cities. We will soon publish webguides for other cities in Spain.